Eating for Thyroid Health

What to Eat for Your Thyroid

I see many women in clinic that are struggling with thyroid issues, usually hypothyroidism and/or Hashimotos. For all my clients I have them run thyroid tests with their doctor or the DUTCH Test so we can fully understand what is happening in the body.

These foods have been researched and are shown to be incredible for thyroid health. I try to include them in my diet on a daily basis just to keep everything in tip top shape. Thyroid issues are super common and unfortunately are not properly tested for or diagnosed. Working with a nutritionist, like myself can help you know the right tests to get and can help you understand why you feel so crummy. Whether you have thyroid issues or not, these foods are going to be an amazing addition to your diet.

Let’s dig in!

Brazil Nuts

Brazil nuts are the world’s best source of selenium. Selenium is an antioxidant that is key for not only reversing damage in the body, but it’s also a key nutrient imperative for thyroid function. Selenium is responsible for converting inactive thyroid hormone into active thyroid hormone. Other foods which provide selenium are poultry and seafood.

Cruciferous Veggies

Contrary to popular belief, cruciferous vegetables have little to no impact on thyroid health. The only human study is from 1945 and was on a Chinese woman who consumed 3.3 pounds of raw bok choy daily for months and suffered myxedema. There is very little research done on humans on the link between cruciferous veggies which contain goitrogens and their impact on thyroid health.

Cruciferous vegetables have many micronutrients which are protective to the thyroid and the body. If you find you struggle with digesting raw cruciferous veggies like broccoli, cauliflower, kale, brussel sprouts, lightly steaming them will help. You can also roast or sautee them which will help them break down a bit and lead to easier digestion.

gut health fertility

Cruciferous vegetables like Brussel Sprouts, cauliflower, broccoli, kale, and cabbage contain 4 specific nutrients which are DIM (diindolylmethane), Indole-3-carbinols, glucosinolates, and sulforaphane. These nutrients are key for liver detoxification and converting inactive thyroid hormones into their activated counterparts via the liver. These nutrients are also powerful anti-inflammatory foods and can help with estrogen dominance.

Broccoli sprouts contain 50% more micronutrients like sulphoraphane than a head of broccoli.

Sea Vegetables

Sea vegetables like seaweed, nori, kelp noodles, and dulse are incredible sources of iodine. Iodine is used by the thyroid to convert thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). Thyroid cells are the only cells in the body which can absorb iodine. These cells combine iodine and the amino acid tyrosine to make T3 and T4.

Sea vegetables are super simple to incorporate into your diet. Making hand rolls with some cooked fish, sweet potato, avocado, and broccoli sprouts for lunch or dinner with a big salad. Add dulse into your soups. Use seasoning like Herbamare which is a micronutrient infused salt. Use kelp noodles as a replacement to regular noodles or make a cold noodle salad with them.

Chlorophyll + Spirulina

These two plants can be found in powder or tincture forms. Both of these plant based supplements are derived from algae. They are loaded with protein and micronutrients but their real claim to fame is that they bind to heavy metals and remove them from the body.

There is a lot of new research coming out linking thyroid issues including autoimmune thyroiditis and hypothyroidism to a build up of heavy metals in the body. When heavy metals are present in the body, they often compete with nutrients for absorption. When the thyroid isn’t getting adequate nutrients, that’s when problems start to occur.

You can easily add 1/2 teaspoon of spirulina to your smoothie in the morning or add in a few drops of chlorophyll into your water and sip it throughout the day.


Maca is an adaptogen, which means it helps the body balance out and adapt to stress, it also helps to regulate the immune system. Maca helps to balance the hypothalamus and pituitary, which release TRH (thyroid-releasing hormone) and TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone). These hormones regulate thyroxine levels. Maca also contains zinc, B vitamins and iron, which are all necessary for optimal thyroid production.

You can add maca to smoothies, baking, energy balls. It has a slightly caramel-y flavour. It originates from Peru and is a root vegetable. Always look for gelatinized maca when you’re buying it. Raw maca will not have the same gentle benefits. Be mindful of maca if you are pregnant, nursing, have autoimmune thyroiditis, or PCOS. Always work with a professional when using any herbs including maca.

Always remember that when it comes to thyroid health there are so many ways your can support your health and body. Eating the right foods for your body and taking the right supplements can honestly make a world of difference.

Individual Consultations

To learn more about thyroid health and how I can help you get your health back under control so you can feel unstoppable again, book your free discovery call, here.


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